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Table 1 Summary comparison of existing STEM education models

From: The S-T-E-M Quartet

Models Framework for STEM integration in the classroom (Moore et al. 2014) Situated STEM Learning (Kelley and Knowles 2016) STSS (Banks and Barlex 2014) Learning Standards Framework of STEAM Classes (Korea Foundation and for the Advancement of Science and Creativity 2016)
Areas of focus
 Authentic real-world problems Yes Yes Yes Yes
 Engineering practice and design as means of integration Yes Yes No No
 Standard based learning outcomes is considered Yes No No No
 Science inquiry Limited Yes No Yes
 Twenty-first century skills Yes Limited Yes Yes
 Consideration on context Limited Yes No Yes
 Connections between disciplines No No No No